In Year 2, children are supported to develop the skills required for more formal learning. Topics remain engaging and flexible and children’s recording of understanding is scaffolded until they are able to do this independently. Children continue to develop deep thinking skills and are supported to understand more abstract concepts. Children begin to discuss and reason with each other and have more flexibility of thought to consider the views and opinions of others. Staff continue to use the children’s verbal explanation and reasoning to further extend and assess the children’s actual understanding. However, formal recording methods are taught and children's presentation of work begins to take a stronger focus.